Manuscript Preparations

Spacing and Paragraphs

All parts of the manuscript must be 1.5-spaced in 12-point type using Time New Roman. Each paragraph must be indented. The manuscript text file should be in word format.

 Page numbers

 Page numbers must appear on all pages of text, including references and figure captions. Continuous line numbers should also be inserted from the first page onwards.

 Figures and tables

In the manuscript, figures should not be embedded in the text. Figure files, sequentially numbered and referred to in the manuscript text, should be submitted separately in .jpg, .tif or .eps format. Figure captions should be listed at the end of the manuscript on a separate page before the first figure page.

Tables, including should not be included within the text but should be separately submitted. The manuscript text should carry a list of the table captions.


Do not list references that are not cited in the text. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Text: Citations in the text should be listed as follows:

  1. Single author: the author’ s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
  2. Two authors: both authors' names and the year of publication;
  3. Three or more authors: first author's name followed by "et al.” and the year of publication.

Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be first listed chronologically, then alphabetically.

Examples: "as demonstrated (Allan and Jones, 1995; Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown ...”

List: Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list. Do not list references that are not cited in the text. References (single or multi-authored) should first be arranged alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters "a", "b", "c", etc., placed after the year of publication. Note: All authors should be listed by name.

Reference to a journal publication:

Samecka- Cymenman, A. and Kampers, A. J., (2001). Concentrations of heavy metals and plant nutrients in water, sediments and aquatic macrophytes of antropogenic lakes (former open cut brown coal mines) differing in stage of acidification. Sci. Total Environ., 281, 87-98.

Reference to a book:

Strunk Jr., W., White, E.B., 1979. The Elements of Style, third ed. Macmillan, New York, 384 pp.

Reference to a chapter in an edited book:

Schoorel, A.F. ; van der Vossen, H.A.M. (2000). Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze. In van der Vossen, H.A.M. & Wessel, M. (eds), Plant Resources of South-East Asia No. 16. Stimulants. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands. Pp. 55-63.

Reference to a thesis or dissertation:

Amory, J.Y., 1996. Permian sedimentation and tectonics of southern Mongolia. M.S. thesis, Stanford University, 183 pp.

Reference to a paper in a conference proceeding:

Ishibuchi, H., Nozaki, K., Tanaka, H., 2001. Fuzzy data mining: effect of fuzzy discretization, in: Proc. 1st IEEE International Conference on Data Mining, San Jose, CA, 241-248.

Reference for a paper in press:

Smith P, Ciais P , Wattenbach M, Piao S, Vuichard N. Modeling Soil Processes in Relation to Climate Change. Global Change Biology.
Note: Internal reports (unpublished) and personal communications are not accepted in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text, e.g., (G.M. Levy, 1984, Geonics Ltd. Tech., note TN-16) and (J. Smith, personal communication, 2006).